EU Receives 100 Shipments of LNG and Gas Condensate from Yamal LNG Project

Arc7 LNG carriers

Arc7 LNG carriers loading liquefied natural gas at the port of Sabetta. (Source: Novatek)

Russia continues to send nearly the entirety of LNG and gas condensate production from Yamal LNG to Europe. Throughout the first 120 days of 2024, EU member states took delivery of almost 100 shipments – each valued in the range of USD 40 million. 

Discussions in Brussels and across European capitals continue about how to specifically phase out Russian supplies of liquefied natural gas (LNG). Meanwhile deliveries reached a new high during the first four months of 2024, a new report by Norway’s Center for High North Logistics details. 

Between January 1st and April 30th EU member states – primarily France, Belgium, and Spain – took delivery of 89 shipments of LNG from Novatek’s Yamal LNG project in the Russian Arctic. This compares to 82 shipments during the same period in 2023. 

In addition, the Netherlands received nine shiploads of gas condensate from the same project. Condensates are hydrocarbon liquids produced from natural gas fields. Occupying a niche between traditional crude oil and natural gas, their import into the EU remains unsanctioned. Condensates account for around 10 percent of Yamal LNG’s overall production. 

Yamal LNG load sheet indicating quantities of gas.

Each delivery of LNG is valued in the realm of USD 40 million, based on figures in a recent Yamal LNG load sheet seen by HNN. The value of shipments during the first four months of 2024 could total approximately USD 4 billion. Some deliveries are subsequently re-exported to third countries, including China. 

The specific degree to which LNG revenues contribute to Russia’s federal budget and indirectly finance its war effort, remains unclear due to a number of tax exemptions and waivers for the sector. 

Deliveries continue

The EU has thus far been unable to make definitive progress toward curbing the influx of LNG from Russia. The European Commission is expected to outline its policy approach this week ahead of the European Council meeting later this month

Individual member states, including Germany and Sweden, have expressed support for a ban of LNG imports. A binding EU-wide agreement now appears contingent on the recommendations of a proposed high-level group of member states to study the impact of a ban on prices and energy security. 

Construction continues in Russia

Apart from LNG shipments, Russia’s western Arctic saw a busy winter season with deliveries of crude oil and nickel in line with volumes during preceding winters. 

Year-round construction at Novatek’s Arctic LNG 2 facility and Rosneft’s Vostok Oil projects prompted more than 100 deliveries of materials and supplies.

CHNL Traffic West Arctic Russia Jan April 2024

Center for High North Logistics (CHNL) map showing traffic by type between January and April 2024. (Source: CHNL)

Rosneft continues to push ahead with construction of the dock-side facilities of its project. The waters around Vostok Oil saw 62 deliveries this winter, including 46 general cargo vessels and 16 tankers. The project is slated to begin production this summer, though the status of high ice-class oil tankers under construction in Russia remains unclear.

Similarly, the status of Novatek’s Arctic LNG 2 project remains in limbo. Once ice conditions allow for the use of conventional LNG carriers the much-delayed project is expected to dispatch its first shipments. It received 45 vessels this winter, including 25 general cargo vessels and 11 container ships, carrying Chinese equipment, including turbines, to implement necessary modifications following Western sanctions.

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